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Harvard Referencing Overview

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Key things to remember

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur

There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority have suffered alteration in some form,

Info: 761 words (3 pages) Study Guide
Published: 13th May 2020

  • Sed vel ultricies nisl. Donec consequat vestibulum nisi, quis pretium lorem vehicula non.
  • sed vestibulum tortor elementum sit amet. Quisque
  • excellent understanding of issues and debates
  • confidence in the selection and interpretation of materials/authority
  • logical and convincing development of an argument

1. Books

Citations for books with one author:

Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.

Davis, B. (2013). A History of Chocolate. Nottingham: Delectable Publications.
Davis, B. (2013). A History of Chocolate. 3rd ed. Nottingham: Delectable Publications.

A 2:1 piece will display most, if not all, of the following characteristics:

  • a richer and more developed argument than a 2:2, with a clearly stated and well argued conclusion, showing the ability to range over appropriate areas of the subject matter with acuteness of analysis, intelligent challenges to the question set, and an abundance of appropriate authority or evidence intelligently applied
  • thorough knowledge of the subject; few if any minor factual errors
  • good understanding of issues and debates
  • a balanced and well considered answer to the question

2:2 Standard

A 2:2 piece will display most, if not all, of the following characteristics:

  • a considered argument marshalling some of the advantages and disadvantages, where appropriate, with well selected authority or evidence
  • adequate, although incomplete, knowledge of the subject; some factual errors
  • reasonable, although flawed, ability to select and interpret appropriate material/authority
  • a written style not entirely appropriate for study at the level of work

Sed vel ultricies nisl. Donec consequat vestibulum nisi, quis pretium lorem vehicula non. Quisque et libero at velit sagittis tristique. Etiam commodo lobortis arcu, sed vestibulum tortor elementum sit amet. Quisque non enim faucibus quam ultrices dictum vitae id leo. Sed id condimentum dui, vel convallis massa. Donec faucibus auctor ante eget eleifend.

Mauris ac fermentum lorem, quis porttitor est. Morbi tempus consectetur magna, sed tristique dolor iaculis a. Curabitur ipsum erat, suscipit non eros vitae, elementum ultricies eros. Nulla pharetra vel leo eget consequat.

Quisque nec arcu vel urna tempus sodales et in ligula. Pellentesque mattis ac ligula quis fermentum. Donec interdum quam malesuada maximus mattis. Nulla nibh turpis, ullamcorper nec tristique vel, aliquet eget lectus. Cras ullamcorper accumsan nibh efficitur gravida.

Aenean non lectus dapibus justo blandit ultricies. Nulla tempor turpis tortor, at rhoncus urna viverra et. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia curae; Aenean convallis libero convallis posuere pharetra. Phasellus hendrerit, odio in laoreet placerat, leo mauris malesuada enim, at mollis libero ipsum vitae risus. Morbi pellentesque mauris libero, quis imperdiet nunc porta sit amet.